Drummer boy



Drummer boy 
Sapera Tribe
Location: Najafgarh

This image was taken in the Dharampura section of Delhi, India while working on my long-term project about denotified and criminal tribes.

The freed or de-notified tribes (DNTs) were nomadic groups labeled as Criminal Tribes under the British Colonial rule because they refused to be subjugated. They were forcefully restricted from manufacturing or trading their products and services like herbal medicines, iron tools, rope, basket, toys, bamboo utensils, meat as well as services like grooming horses, treating illnesses, tattooing, and entertainment. They were also forced to report to the local police stations at a certain time, thus restricting their mobility and freedom. The women were sexually exploited and subjected to cruelties. Branded as thieves and criminals, they were deliberately cut off from land and livelihood. After India’s independence, the Criminal Tribes Act was repealed, thus ending the practice of labeling them as criminals on August 31, 1952. Since then, August 31 is celebrated as Vimukti Divas (Liberation Day) by these groups all across the country. Today, there are more than 300 freed/denotified tribes in India, out of which 16 tribes have been reported to be pushed into inter-generational prostitution, where prostitution is passed from mother to daughter and pimping from father to son.

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Limited Edition of 50,

Print Size: 16 x 24-inch – hand signed and numbered.

• Other sizes available upon request.


Worldwide shipping $25.00.

Once I receive a print order I will have the image custom printed. You will get a confirmation email and updates when the print is sent.

All orders are shipped Canada Post (or similar) from Toronto generally, within 10 days. They are carefully packed in a cardboard tube with tissue wrapped inside.

Please be advised, all prices are in U.S. Funds